Who Signed The Treaty Of Paris Agreement That Ended The Spanish-American War

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Moreover, the Platt amendment allowed the United States to continue its occupation of Cuba without annexing it despite promises made during the war and negotiations on Cuban freedom. [35] In order to maintain control of Cuba, the U.S. government supported the idea that the Cuban people were not prepared for autonomy. U.S. Senator Stephen Elkins said the treaty also provided that Spain would cede the Philippine islands to the United States, including the islands in a certain line, and that the United States would pay Spain $20 million. The American delegation, led by former Secretary of State William R. Day, who had resigned as US Secretary of State as head of the Commission, arrived in Paris on 26 September 1898. The negotiations were conducted in a suite of premises of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. At the first meeting on 1 October, the Spaniards demanded that, before the start of the talks, the return of the city of Manila, conquered by the Americans a few hours after the signing of the peace protocol in Washington, should come to Spanish authority. The Americans have refused to reconsider the idea and, for the time being, it has not been pursued. [15] The war that broke out in 1898 between the United States and Spain was preceded by three years of fighting by Cuban revolutionaries for independence from Spanish colonial rule. From 1895 to 1898, the violent conflict in Cuba attracted the attention of the Americans because of the economic and political instability it engendered in a region close to the United States. The interest of the United States in liberating the Western Hemisphere from European colonial powers and the outrage of the United States in the face of Spain`s brutal tactics aroused much sympathy for the Cuban revolutionaries.

By early 1898, tensions between the United States and Spain had intensified for months. On February 15, 1898, under mysterious circumstances, Maine exploded and sank under mysterious circumstances in the port of Havana, and a U.S. military intervention in Cuba is likely. On 26 July, the French Ambassador to Washington, Jules Cambon, at the request of the Spanish government, addressed the McKinley administration to discuss the conditions of peace and a ceasefire was signed on 12 August.